Volunteer Travel in India – Bikaner, Rajasthan
Bikaner and Jaisalmer lie in the Indian state of Rajasthan and are part of the Thar desert, also known as the Great Indian Desert, the world’s 9th largest subtropical desert.
The Thar Desert is the most de nsely populated desert in the world, with a population density of 83 people per km2. In India, the inhabitants comprise Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs. About 40% of the total population of Rajasthan live in the Thar Desert. The main occupation of the people is agriculture and animal husbandry. A colourful culture rich in tradition prevails in this desert. The people have a great passion for folk music and folk poetry.
Bikaner and Jaisalmer are located in the desert proper. A large irrigation and power project has reclaimed areas of the northern and western desert for agriculture. The small population is mostly pastoral, and hide and wool industries are prominent.
We work in / around:
a) the Gajner Wildlife Sanctuary (Bikaner) is located at a distance of 32 Km from Bikaner. In former times it was a hunting ground for the Maharajah of Bikaner.
There is a lake in this sanctuary and a variety of animals come here to quench their thirst in summer. The lake in this wildlife sanctuary draws a variety of avian species.
The residential species include wildfowl, deer, antelope, nilgai, chinkara, black buck, desert fox and wild boar.
b) the Desert National Park that covers 3,162 km2 (1,221 sq mi) and represents the Thar Desert ecosystem. 44 villages are located inside. Its diverse fauna includes the great Indian bustard (Chirotis nigricaps), blackbuck, chinkara, fox, Bengal fox, wolf, and caracal. Seashells and massive fossilized tree trunks in this park record the geological history of the desert;